The Root Canal Treatment Process

Most people opt for teeth extraction when a tooth hurts due to infection. However, tooth extractions compromise the strength of surrounding teeth. The best treatment for a decaying tooth is a root canal treatment to save the tooth and eliminate the pain. This post provides more insights into root canal procedures. 

What Is Root Canal Treatment? 

Root canal treatment is a dental procedure known as endodontic therapy that removes the infection from inside the teeth. The treatment happens inside the pulp of the tooth called the root canal. Essentially, the pulp is the hollow part of the tooth that contains nerve tissues and blood vessels. 

Tooth cavities or cracked teeth can allow bacteria to enter the pulp. Then the bacteria destroy the pulp leading to an infection that weakens and breaks down the bone. Subsequently, the pulp injury leads to tooth sensitivity and throbbing pain. The dentist can perform the root canal process to eliminate the pain and save the natural tooth. Notably, the painless procedure takes one appointment unless there are multiple canals or significant infections. 

Steps in Root Canal Treatment 

The dentist follows three steps in a root canal treatment process:

1. Remove the Pulp 

The first treatment procedure is to remove everything inside the root canal. In practice, the dentist starts by applying anesthesia to numb the pain. Then, the doctor makes a tiny access hole on the tooth surface. Afterward, the dentist uses a file to remove infected and dead pulp tissues in the root canal. 

2. Clean and Seal the Root Canal 

The dentist then uses an irrigation solution to clean and decontaminate the hollow tooth area. Besides, the dentist may coat the area using topical antibiotics to treat the infection. After cleaning the canal, the dentist then fills it with a rubber-like material. Also, adhesive cement helps to seal the root canal.

3. Temporary Filling 

The last step is to seal the small opening on the top of the tooth. Without filling, the tooth would be more fragile than before, which would limit its functionality. Thus, the dentist uses a soft temporary filling material to protect the tooth. 


The common symptoms after root canal treatment are sore and swelling gums. The doctor prescribes over-the-counter pain medication. However, you can contact your doctor should the pain persist. Significantly, avoid chewing with the damaged tooth until the dentist places a permanent filling or a crown on top. You will see the dentist a few days after for an X-ray to ensure there is no infection. Then, the dentist replaces the temporal filling with a permanent one. Besides, the doctor can place a permanent crown on the tooth as per your preference. Since the root canal is a restorative procedure, most patients enjoy long-term positive results with good oral care. 

A root canal treatment can save your natural teeth and treat tooth infections. Contact a clinic like Cottonwood Dental to learn about the benefits of this dental care service.